Which framework—Spring or Struts—is superior?

We'll discuss the struts and Spring Framework in java and what they can do. In easy-to-understand language, this essay discusses the comparison of  spring and Struts. These are one of the most well-liked Java frameworks. Now let's read the article.



The relationship between springs and struts:


  • Spring is the Spring framework that is utilized for the Java platform or in the Java language. It is also known as an application framework, and it is utilized by Java applications to manage infrastructure as well as implement Inversion of control (IOC) and dependency injection (DI). Spring framework features are used in the development of web applications.
  • Pivotal Software created the spring framework. It was first made available in 2002. It was coded in Java. It only works with Java Virtual Machine (JVM) platforms. It is compatible with multi-platform operating systems.
  • Spring platform gives developers certain advantages when developing applications, such as the ability to execute java methods in database transactions and remote procedures without having to deal with transaction APIs and to manage local java methods or message handlers without utilizing APIs.
  • Struts is a Java-based web application development framework that is free source. It enhances the Java Servlet API and makes use of the MVC architecture. It allows you to build web-based applications that are extensible, maintainable, and adaptable using standard technologies such as JSP pages, JavaBeans, and XML.
  • Configurable MVC components, POJO-based actions, AJAX support, Integration support, multiple result kinds, varied tag support, theme, and template support are all essential characteristics of Struts. Interceptors, Value stack, action context, action invocation, and OGNL are key components.
  • Struts' architecture includes a controller, Action proxy, action mapper, configuration Manager, action invocation, interceptor, action, outcome, and so on.
  • processed via an action object. Strut is a strong Java application framework that may be utilized in a wide range of Java applications. Spring makes use of dependency injection to simplify and improve testability.


Spring vs. Struts Head-to-Head Comparison




  1. It is an application Framework used to implement IOC and DI
  2. It is a layered Architecture
  3. It is a lightweight Framework
  4. It provides easy integration with ORM and JDBS technologies
  5. It is more Flexibility comparatively
  6. It is loosely Coupled



  1. It is an open source Framework Used to extend java settler API and MVC Settler
  2. It is not Layered Architecture
  3. It is a Heavyweight framework
  4. It is Integrated with technologies but needs to do manual codings
  5. It is Less Flexible compared to Spring
  6. It is tightly coupled


The Significant Differences Between Spring and Struts


  • Both Spring and Struts are common options on the market; let us look at some of the key differences:
  • The spring framework is stated to be non-invasive because it does not require developers to extend or implement their classes or interfaces as specified by the spring API. 
  • Struts are considered invasive since it compels the developer to expand the class from the basic class provided by the struts API.
  • Spring MVC includes simple HTML form tags, while struts provide a plethora of other JSF-styled sophisticated and composite elements.
  • Spring framework has been adopted because of benefits such as transaction management, messaging capabilities, and integration with other frameworks.
  • Strut framework is employed due to its outstanding tag library support, which is widely accepted in the industry and is simple to connect with various client-side technologies.
  • For examining components, Spring supports JSP, Velocity, Free Maker, Excel, and PDF. Only JSP can view components in Struts.

Comparison of Spring and Struts


The basis of comparison 




It is a software framework for implementing IOC and DI.

It is an open-source framework for extending the Java servlet API with the MVC framework.


It is a layered structure.

There is no layered architecture here.


It is a simple framework.

It is a substantial framework.


It is simple to integrate with ORM and JDBC technologies.

It is technologically integrated yet requires manual coding.


Spring MVC is more adaptable in comparison.

It is less adaptable than Spring.


It is not tightly connected.

It is inextricably linked.

Performance evaluation


Spring and strut have different capabilities, although both are extensively used for constructing web applications. Although the spring framework is more efficient than struts, it can occasionally give complexity to struts, everything is straightforward owing to its simple and maintainable architecture. Spring framework provides more features than struts. Spring MVC is popular because it is more secure and performs better. Spring framework is mostly being improved, whilst struts are not currently being upgraded. Spring framework is utilized on numerous platforms since it is very versatile and gives superior performance. 



Spring and Struts are both vast and diverse Java frameworks. Although the Spring framework just contains a spring MVC module, the strut is used to create enterprise web applications. Spring does not provide a framework for implementing the business domain and logic; instead, developers write the application's controller and view. Spring MVC is mostly used to build powerful applications.


The strut framework simplifies design, and plug-ins can be used more readily in struts than in springs. Strut also made the action form and remarks simpler. It has significantly superior features than tag features. It supports AJAX, and the many view options feature makes the strut easier to use.


In struts, actions are created or triggered for each request, whereas, in spring MVC, controllers are built once, saved in memory, and shared across all requests. The framework can be chosen based on the needs of the client or the available resources.